Pottery types characteristic of this archeological period:
The Roman Empire eventually split into two parts, with the eastern portion governed from the city of Byzantine (also known as Constantinople and now Istanbul). The area known as Palestine fell under Byzantine control. Emperor Constantine I converted the region to Christianity in 312AD. Pilgrimages were made to the holyland to visit many constructed churches and shrines. Archaeology has recovered remains from many of these sites. Except for the occasional revolt, the region enjoyed a prolonged period of peace under Byzantine rule.