Pottery types characteristic of this archeological period:
The Roman troops under Pompey finally took Jerusalem in 63 BCE. It ws the Romans who installed Herod the Great over Judea in 37 BCE. During Herod’s reign, Palestine as well as Jerusalem underwent modernization and expansion. In northern Palestine, Herod built a great seaport called Caesarea. In the lower southern part of Palestine by the Dead Sea, Herod constructed a large fortress called Masada. The Holy Temple inJerusalem experienced the largest renovation and became the center of Jewish worship. The birth of Jesus, his ministry and crucifixion took place during this period. The pottery exhibited in the museum is representative of common terra cotta vessels that would have been used during the Last Supper. At 70 CE, forty years after Jesus’prophetic message concerning the destruction of Jerusalem and the Temple (Lk22:17), Titus Vespasian razed the city and destroyed the Temple. Titus also looted the Temple’s treasures and vessels and took them back to Rome. Today these antiquities can be viewed in Rome as depicted on a relief on the interior wall of the Arch of Titus, erected in 81CE by Domitian, showing the capture of Jerusalem.